On September 28, 1939,
Germany gained control over the Lublin area through the German-Soviet agreement in exchange for . Lithuania
According to the Nisko Plan, they set up the Lublin-Lipowa Reservation in the area. The reservation was designated by Adolf Eichmann, who was assigned the task of removing all Jews from
Germany, Austria and the Protectorate of Bohemia and . Moravia
They shipped the first Jews to
less than three weeks later on October 18, 1939. The first train loads consisted of Jews deported from Lublin Austria and the Protectorate of Bohemia and . Moravia
By January 30, 1940, historians estimate a total of 78,000 Jews had been deported to
Lublin from Germany, Austria and . Czechoslovakia
On 12 and February 13, 1940, the Pomeranian Jews were deported to the
reservation, resulting in Pomeranian Gauleiter Franz Schwede-Coburg to be the first to declare his Gau "judenrein" ("free of Jews"). Lublin
On March 24, 1940 Hermann Göring put a hold on the Nisko Plan, and by the end of April, abandoned it entirely.
By the time the Nisko Plan was stopped, the total number of Jews who had been transported to Nisko had reached 95,000, many of whom had died due to starvation.
In July 1940, due to the difficulties of supporting the increased population in the General Gouvernment, Hitler stopped deporting Jews there.
This was temporary, however, as military conditions made conquest of
doubtful. During 1940 and 1941, the murder of large numbers of Jews in German occupied Britain continued, and the deportation of Jews were deported to the General Gouvernment was undertaken. The deportation of Jews from Poland Germany, particularly , was not officially completed until 1943. (Many Berlin Jews were able to survive in hiding.) By December 1939, 3.5 million Jews were crowded into the General Government area. Berlin